Symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury

Feb 04

Traumatic brain injury occurs when the brain has sustained damage due to excessive force. This injury is mostly sustained in traffic accidents, sporting activities, slip and fall accidents, and acts of violence on the head. The injury becomes more tragic if the carelessness and negligence of another party is at fault.

Traumatic brain injuries can be classified depending on its severity. It can be mild, moderate, or severe. To know what kind of traumatic brain injury is sustained, an individual can look for the signs listed below.

Mild traumatic brain injury
A mild TBI, also commonly called a concussion and a minor head trauma, may occur if the confusion, disorientation, or unconsciousness has lasted for less than 30 minutes. The first signs of a mild TBI are dizziness, headaches, memory loss, nausea, and slowness of thinking.

But even mild traumatic brain injuries have severe effects, such as sensory problems. Victims may suffer from vision problems, hear ringing in the ears, and taste something bad in their mouths. Mental problems are also common on patients. The most common mental problems include irritability and mood swings, difficulty concentrating, sleeping disorders, and feelings of anxiety and depression.

Moderate to severe traumatic brain injury
If a person has been unconscious for about 20 minutes to 6 hours, he or she may have suffered a moderate traumatic brain injury. The injury sustained may be considered severe if the unconsciousness has lasted more than 6 hours.

Moderate and severe TBI share the same entry in this list because their symptoms are mostly the same. The only difference is their severity.

The physical symptoms of moderate to severe TBI are the same as those from mild TBI, but on a more serious level. Dizziness and nausea may result into vomiting, headaches become persistent, and the patient may experience seizures. The patient may also have body coordination problems, or worse, physical paralysis.

The sensory problems associated with these kinds of TBI are also more serious. Partial or total loss of vision, hearing, sense of smell, and sense of taste are not that uncommon. There may also be difficulties in reading, writing, and speaking.

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